South Indian Silk is known throughout the world due to its elegance and quality. There is no doubt about the fact that its irresistible looks make it count among the most beautiful sarees. Whether it is the designs or the commendable colour combination, nothing like South Indian Silk sarees prove to be a better choice for any festivals. This spectacular looks come from its natural method of weaving.
Primarily the yarn is being given to the weavers or is given to the cooperative societies. Later it is being dyed in different colours and sent for the purpose of warpping. Next to this, the communities of artisan make denting of reed. This is one of the most crucial setup as it has the control over the lifting of threads.
After making of reed, these silk yarn is being twisted in order to create leases and then imprinted in the reed slots. Once the denting is over, 8 bamboo rodsare is then sited for 4 shafts and its healds are being tied by threading along its warp ends. Then come piercing, where the ends of reed-heald setup is being combined from its ends to form a new warp by means of twisting. Since this a pre-weaving procedure, women are undertaken for this purpose.
After piercing, the weavers unfold the warp in the form of slits on street in order to introduce the rod to find out the length. Post to the insertion of the leases, marking is generally done making usage of damp kumkum and a bamboo stick. Followed by this, the twist is rolled on a metallic cylinder which acts as a warp beam. This overall setup is then taken indoor to fit onto loom. There are different types of looms used for different purpose. Raised-pit loom is commonly used for the weaving purpose of silk sarees. The local craftsman construct the entire part of the loom and then combines it. Mostly teak wood is utilized for the making of looms. Warp beam is then fixed in a proper position and is stretched out. The warp ends border designs are hung making use of vertical nylon threads, which is then connected to the box present on top.
The weft yarn is then wound on metal cylinder and is kept to soak for over two hours. This is mainly done to ensure a smooth finish and dense packing. While the weaving goes on, the weft yarn is being wound. The entire body of the saree is being woven by a plain weave while the cross borders present in the sarees are being woven in rib weave. Then these sarees are soaked in plain water and woven wet. The only reason is to prevent tangling or coiling. After weaving completion of every few inches, a gum solution is applied in order to thicken it. Post this, they are folded in a proper pattern and ready to sell.
The natural weaving done by the excellent weavers gives these South Indian Silk sarees an aristocrat looks. The combination of contrasting vibrant colours and the materials that is obtained from natural process makes them comfortable. The incomparable elegance of these sarees makes them suitable for any occasion.